1. Ewing R, Cervero R. Travel and the built environment: a meta-analysis. Journal of the American Planning Association. 2010; 76:3(2010):265-294.
2. Mota J et al. Perceived neighborhood environments and physical activity in adolescents. Preventive Medicine. 2005; 41:834-836.
Walkability is a measure of how friendly an area is to walking to common destinations such as retail, community services including health care centers, recreation areas and parks. Walkability may also be influenced by factors such as the availability of quality footpaths, sidewalks or other pedestrian rights-of-way, conditions of local roads and traffic, and land use patterns. Walkability has been shown to have a multitude of health, environmental, and economic benefits. Walkable neighborhoods promote more physical activity through walking and biking, and often have reduced pollution from greenhouse gas emissions generated by vehicles. Communities designed to be walkable have been shown to encourage fit and healthy lifestyles, fight obesity and promote sustainability. Walkability is used as a proxy to evaluate access to local amenities and retail. Walkability is under both Transportation Services and Neighborhood Characteristics, but it also influences economic health, employment, education, health systems and public safety, and housing. While some local entities have created their own walkability scores, there are also proprietary measures, such as Maponics Walkability and Street Smart Walk Score, local communities can purchase for data.
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