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2. Pappas G, Queen S, Hadden W, Fisher G. 1993. The increasing disparity in mortality between socioeconomic groups in the US, 1960 and 1986. New England Journal of Medicine; 329:103‐109.
3. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (2011). Education Matters for Health. Accessed December 13, 2012. Available at: www.rwjf.org/en/research‐publications/find‐rwjf‐research/2011/06/what‐shapes‐health/education matters‐for‐health.html.
4. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2011. Education pays: Unemployment and median weekly earnings by education level. US. Dept. of Labor. Available at: http://www.bls.gov/emp/ep_chart_001.htm.
Adult Educational Attainment
Adult educational attainment measures the population 25 years and older that have received their high school diploma (or its equivalent). Educational attainment can be tied to influences on health such as employment outcomes, income, and health behaviors, which have been linked to increased physical and mental health. Data demonstrates that the death rate declines for men and women with higher educational attainment and a person’s chances of being in very good or excellent health are greater with each higher level of educational attainment. Educational attainment has also been shown to have a multi‐generational impact: children of mothers with higher levels of education tend to have better health compared to the offspring of mothers with lower educational attainment. Although in the educational opportunities domain, educational attainment is also strongly linked to employment, economic health and neighborhood characteristics. Although data for this indicator is available from the U.S. Census, cities may use locally available data as appropriate.
|Lower South Providence||62.1%||20|
|Upper South Providence||64.8%||19|