Transit Accessibility

Transit accessibility is a measure of the proximity and frequency of transit service to common destinations within a community. The HCI Transit Accessibility indicator provides the aggregate frequency of transit service during peak evening hours in a neighborhood within a quarter-mile of a transit station. Higher numbers indicate high frequency and/or close proximity to service and are better than lower numbers. Data are available for download at the block group level through the EPA’s Smart Location Database.

Communities with good transit accessibility have high public transit ridership, which, in turn, has a demonstrated impact on physical activity rates, obesity, and Body Mass Index (BMI). High numbers of transit trips also act as a substitute for auto trips which can help reduce air pollution and motor vehicle collisions. Although posted with Transportation Services, transit accessibility is linked to economic health, education, employment, environmental hazards, healthy systems and public safety, housing, and neighborhood characteristics. Data are available for download at the block group level through the EPA’s Smart Location Database.

Neighborhoodsort descending Indicator Value Rank
Blackstone 84.2 24
Charles 188.4 7
College Hill 279.3 3
Downtown 430.7 1
Elmhurst 107.8 20
Elmwood 153 12
Federal Hill 245.7 4
Fox Point 187 8
Hartford 77.2 25
Hope 161 11
Lower South Providence 162.2 10
Manton 98.2 22
Mount Hope 173.6 9
Mount Pleasant 103.3 21
Olneyville 119 19
Reservoir 122.2 17
Silver Lake 84.3 23
Smith Hill 212.3 5
South Elmwood 123.2 16
Upper South Providence 302.5 2
Valley 199.6 6
Wanskuck 152.3 13
Washington Park 137.5 14
Wayland 121.4 18
West End 130.5 15

Key Citations:
1. Cervero R, Duncan M. Walking, bicycling, and urban landscapes: evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area. American Journal of Public Health. September 2003; 93(9):1478-1483.
2. Guerra E, Cervero R, Tischler D. The half-mile circle: does it best represent transit station catchments? UC Berkeley Institute of Transportation Studies, July 2011.
3. Ewing R, Cervero R. Travel and the built environment: a meta-analysis. Journal of the American Planning Association. 2010; 76:3(2010):265-294.