Toxic Releases from Facilities

The HCI Toxic Releases from Facilities indicator measures the proportion of a neighborhood in close proximity to industrial facilities that release toxic emissions. Exposure to these pollutants can cause increased cardiovascular disease, respiratory effects such as asthma, decreased neurological function, cancer and a range of other adverse health effects. Listed under Environmental Hazards, this measure also impacts economic health, housing, natural areas, education, employment, and neighborhood characteristics.The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides annual emissions data for all major stationary sources of air pollution through the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI).

Neighborhoodsort descending Indicator Value Rank
Blackstone 21.3% 11
Charles 51.6% 16
College Hill 11.3% 10
Downtown 23.2% 12
Elmhurst 3.2% 8
Elmwood 60.6% 19
Federal Hill 0.0% 1
Fox Point 56.7% 18
Hartford 0.0% 1
Hope 74.1% 22
Lower South Providence 80.8% 23
Manton 0.0% 1
Mount Hope 94.3% 25
Mount Pleasant 0.0% 1
Olneyville 0.0% 1
Reservoir 65.8% 21
Silver Lake 0.0% 1
Smith Hill 10.7% 9
South Elmwood 38.6% 14
Upper South Providence 55.3% 17
Valley 0.0% 1
Wanskuck 65.6% 20
Washington Park 85.7% 24
Wayland 30.0% 13
West End 42.3% 15

Key Citations:
1. Brunekreef B, Holgate ST. (2002) Air pollution and health. Lancet Oct 19; 360(9341):1233-42. Review. PubMed PMID: 12401268. Available here
2. U.S. EPA (2011) An Overview of Methods for EPA’s National-Scale Air Toxics Assessments. United States Environmental Protection Agency. January 2011. Available here
3. U.S. EPA (2012) User’s Manual for RSEI Model Version 2.3.1. Available here
4. California Environmental Protection Agency (2013) California Communities Environmental Health Screening Tool, Version 1 (CalEnviroScreen 1.0): Guidance and Screening Tool, April 2013. Available Available here
5. United States Code, Title 42, Chapter 85, Air Pollution Prevention and Control. Available here