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Residential Proximity to Traffic
The HCI Residential Proximity to Traffic indicator measures how much of a residential neighborhood is impacted by streets that carry a large amount of traffic. It serves as a proxy for the impact on health from motor vehicle air pollution and traffic noise. Significant evidence indicates a link between the proximity to highways and increased incidence of adverse health effects from exposure to air pollution and excessive traffic noise. Listed under Environmental Hazards, this measure is also tied to the transportation, economic health, housing, health systems and public safety, and neighborhood characteristics domains. It is an “inverse” measure, meaning the higher the value, the higher the negative impact on neighborhood health. Computation of this indicator requires highway, traffic volume, and population data which is available from the U.S. Census and state departments of transportation (DOT) or metropolitan planning organizations (MPO).
|Lower South Providence||15.4%||17|
|Upper South Providence||18.3%||20|