Preschool Enrollment

Preschool enrollment measures the share (i.e., the percent) of neighborhood children aged three and four year-olds enrolled in any group or class that provides educational experiences for children during the years preceding kindergarten. Early childhood education is linked with health factors such as stronger cognitive and physical development, as well as with school and employment outcomes, which are shown to contribute to improved physical health. Early childhood education, especially in the first five years of life, has demonstrated positive effects on children’s health and well-being up to three decades later, including better reproductive health and birth outcomes. Listed in Educational Opportunities, preschool enrollment is also tied to the employment, economic health and neighborhood characteristics domains. Preschool Enrollment can be calculated from U.S. Census data or may be available from locally available data.

Neighborhoodsort descending Indicator Value Rank
Blackstone 75.6% 3
Charles 51.8% 7
College Hill 61.2% 5
Downtown 20.0% 19
Elmhurst -% -
Elmwood 17.2% 22
Federal Hill 33.3% 10
Fox Point 54.5% 6
Hartford 22.2% 18
Hope 100.0% 1
Lower South Providence 22.3% 17
Manton 23.2% 16
Mount Hope 36.7% 8
Mount Pleasant 26.1% 14
Olneyville 26.6% 13
Reservoir 2.7% 24
Silver Lake 19.8% 20
Smith Hill 35.0% 9
South Elmwood 18.5% 21
Upper South Providence 30.9% 11
Valley 62.6% 4
Wanskuck 26.9% 12
Washington Park 23.3% 15
Wayland 89.1% 2
West End 15.7% 23

Key Citations:
1. Karoly LA. Early Childhood Interventions: Proven Results, Future Promise. RAND Corporation, 2005.
2. McKey, Ruth Hubbell. "The Impact of Head Start on Children, Families and Communities. Final Report of the Head Start Evaluation, Synthesis and Utilization Project." (1985).
3. Schweinhart L, Montie J, 2004. The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study to Age 40. High/Scope Educational Research Foundation. High/Scope Educational Research Foundation. Accessed on December 21, 2012: http://www.highscope.org/Content.asp?ContentId=219.

Stretch versions: Preschool enrollment could be obtained from local public school systems instead of the ACS if the jurisdiction offers universal pre-K programs. The Promise Neighborhood Indicators Guidebook provides guidance on collecting a measure of participation in early learning programs through a community survey. If there is a reliable child care quality rating system in the community, a stronger indicator could be the percent of three or four year olds enrolled in a high-quality early education program.