1. Backlund E, Sorlie PD, Johnson NJ. A comparison of the relationships of education and income with mortality: the National Longitudinal Mortality Study. Soc Sci Med. 1999;49(10):1373-84.
2. U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services. 2000. Healthy People 2010: Understanding and improving health. 2nd edition. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
3. California Dropout Research Project. April 2009. How California's Dropout Crisis Affects Communities. Economic Losses for the City of San Francisco. UC Santa Barbara, Gevirtz Graduate School of Education. http://cdrp.ucsb.edu/
High School Graduation Rate
The HCI High school graduation rate indicator measures the number of students entering neighborhood schools who graduate in four years with a regular high school diploma. High school graduate rates have been linked to several factors related to health outcomes: students who graduate are less likely to engage in unhealthy behavior such as drug and alcohol abuse, incur early pregnancies, or participate in criminal activity. Dropping out of school before obtaining a high school diploma is associated with delayed employment opportunities, poverty, and poor health, while graduating from high school is associated with improved economic stability and income. Included in the Educational Opportunities domain, high school graduation rates are also strongly tied to employment, economic health and neighborhood characteristics. High school graduation data is commonly calculated by local school districts and may be available through the website of the local school district or state Department of Education.
|Lower South Providence||75.0%||8|
|Upper South Providence||75.0%||8|