1. Backlund E, Sorlie PD, Johnson NJ. A comparison of the relationships of education and income with mortality: the National Longitudinal Mortality Study. Soc Sci Med. 1999;49(10):1373-84.
2. Fowler MG, Johnson MP, Atkinson SS. School achievement and absence in children with chronic health conditions. J Pediatr. 1985 Apr;106(4):683-7.
3. Balfanz, R., & Byrnes, V. Chronic Absenteeism: Summarizing What We Know From Nationally Available Data. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Center for Social Organization of Schools. 2012
Chronic School Absence
The HCI Chronic School Absence indicator is measured by the proportion of students missing more than 10 percent of school days per year (based on public school attendance only). Chronic school absence is an indicator of student participation and engagement in the public school system. A strong link, independent of income, has been found between educational attainment and future health status. Increased school absence can predict problems learning and in academic performance, as well as lower standardized test scores and high school dropout rates. Chronic school absence has household, school, and community-level causes, including: community prevalence of chronic diseases such as asthma; quality and accessibility of the health care system; community safety; poverty and family circumstances; school social environment (e.g., bullying, stigma, discrimination); and social cohesion and trust. Although listed under Health Systems and Public Safety, chronic school absence has strong relevance to education, social cohesion, economic health, and employment. The indicator is an “inverse” measure, meaning that, the higher the value, the higher the negative impact on community health. Data on student attendance is available from all public schools.
|Lower South Providence||30.4%||13|
|Upper South Providence||29.4%||9|