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2. Grant RH, Heisler GM, Gao W. (2002) Estimation of pedestrian level UV exposure under trees. Photochem Photobiol. 2002 Apr; 75(4):369-76. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12003126
3. Kuo FE, Taylor AF. (2004) A potential natural treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: evidence from a national study. Am J Public Health. 2004 Sep ;94(9):1580-6. Available at: http://www.niu.edu/~carter/courses/526/articles/Kuo_and_Taylor.pdf
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Access to Parks and Open Space
The HCI Access to Parks and Open Space indicator measures the percentage of a neighborhood's area that is dedicated to park space. Access to nature through safe, clean parks and open space has been shown to improve public health in many ways including increased exercise and physical activity, and decreased fatigue and increased productiveness. Studies also find links between increased time outdoors and decreased attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Trees and green space in parks also help mitigate negative climate issues by lowering air temperature, improving air quality by removing pollutants, and absorbing and cleaning water run off from impervious surfaces. Found in the natural areas domain, Access to Parks and Open Space is also relevant economic health, social cohesion, healthy systems and public safety, environmental hazards, and neighborhood characteristics. Most local governments have Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data available on local parks; NAVTEQ offers an alternative commercial GIS database.
|Lower South Providence||3.0%||18|
|Upper South Providence||0.9%||23|