Residential Mobility

The HCI Residential Mobility indicator measures the stability of the population by evaluating the percent of the population living in the same house as the previous year. High levels of mobility reflected by a low percent of residents remaining in the same home from year to year are considered a proxy for multiple, disruptive moves. Residential instability can affect health through increased stress, particularly if the moves were reactive, and weakened social supports, which can contribute to mental and physical health outcomes. Frequent household moves have been linked to negative childhood events such as abuse, neglect, household dysfunction, and increased likelihood of smoking and suicide in children. Frequent family relocation also leads to children repeating grades, school suspensions, and emotional and behavioral problems. Childhood residential instability has also been found to predict lifetime risk of depression. Frequent housing turnover may also reflect negative housing conditions, or contribute to it. Posted under Social Cohesion, residential mobility is also linked to housing, economic health, education, employment, and health systems and public safety. This indicator is available at the census-tract level from the U.S. Census.

Neighborhoodsort descending Indicator Value Rank
Blackstone 83.5% 8
Charles 88.1% 1
College Hill 64.7% 24
Downtown 68.5% 23
Elmhurst 73.4% 18
Elmwood 76.0% 16
Federal Hill 63.9% 25
Fox Point 73.2% 19
Hartford 84.2% 7
Hope 84.6% 5
Lower South Providence 80.7% 12
Manton 84.8% 4
Mount Hope 81.2% 11
Mount Pleasant 79.3% 14
Olneyville 80.3% 13
Reservoir 84.9% 3
Silver Lake 81.4% 10
Smith Hill 73.7% 17
South Elmwood 84.3% 6
Upper South Providence 72.7% 21
Valley 73.2% 19
Wanskuck 86.1% 2
Washington Park 82.2% 9
Wayland 69.8% 22
West End 77.3% 15

Key Citations:
1. Berkman LF, Syme SL. Social networks, host resistance, and mortality: a nine-year follow-up study of Alameda County residents. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1979;109(2):186-204.
2. Bures RM. 2003. Childhood residential stability and health at midlife. American Journal of Public Health 93:1144-8.
3. Cooper, Merrill. 2001. Housing Affordability: A Children's Issue. Ottawa: Canadian Policy Research Networks Discussion Paper.
4. Dong M. 2005. Childhood residential mobility and multiple health risks during adolescence and adulthood. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 159:11-4-1110.
5. Gilman SE, Kawachi I, Fizmaurice GM Buka L. 2003. Socio-economic status, family disruption and residential stability in childhood: relation to onset, recurrence and remission of major depression. Psychol Medicine 33:1341-55.