1. Gruenewald, Paul J. et al. “Ecological models of alcohol outlets and violent assaults: crime potentials and geospatial analysis” (2006). Addiction.
2. Cohen, Deborah A. et al. “Alcohol outlets, gonorrhea, and the Los Angeles civil unrest: A longitudinal analysis” (2006). Social Science and Medicine.
3. La Viest, Thomas A. and John M. Wallace Jr. “Health risk and inequitable distribution of liquor stores in African American neighborhood” (2000). Social Science and Medicine.
Offsite Alcohol Outlets
The HCI Off-Site Alcohol Outlets indicator measures the number of stores selling alcohol for “off-site” consumption per 10,000 people. A high number of liquor stores is often an indication of a problem in a neighborhood. Census tracts that are both low income and predominantly minority tend to have substantially more liquor stores per capita than other census tracts along with associated health and community issues. Studies show there are significant associations between the presence of liquor stores and assault rates, gonorrhea, and the risk of other health-related social problems in low-income neighborhoods. In addition to its influence on neighborhood characteristics, off-site alcohol outlets impacts economic health, health systems and public safety, education, social cohesion, and employment. Data of this measure are available at the zip code level from the U.S. Census.
|Lower South Providence||9.6||19|
|Upper South Providence||10.4||20|