Proximity to Superfund Sites

Proximity to Superfund Sites measures the share of a neighborhood located near an active Superfund site. Superfund sites contain toxic pollutants and living, working or going to school near a Superfund site can have negative health impacts depending on the toxins found at the site. Sites are listed on EPA’s National Priorities List (NPL) and are the nation’s highest priority for hazardous waste cleanup. Superfund sites are placed on the list after screening using the Hazardous Ranking System (HRS). Superfund sites have been linked to adverse health effects including infant mortality, mental health, water and food-borne illness, cancer. Posted in the Environmental Hazards domain, proximity to Superfund Sites also impacts economic health, education, employment, social cohesion, and neighborhood characteristics. The Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) maintains and distributes the dataset for National Priorities List (NPL) Superfund sites nationwide.

Key Citations:
1. Zota AR, Schaider LA, Ettinge¬¬r AS, Wright RO, Shine JP, Spengler JD. (2011) Metal sources and exposures in the homes of young children living near a mining-impacted Superfund site. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2011 Sep-Oct;21(5):495-505.
2. California Environmental Protection Agency (2013), California Communities Environmental Health Screening Tool, Version 1 (CalEnviroScreen 1.0): Guidance and Screening Tool.
3. California Environmental Protection Agency (2014), Draft Communities Environmental Health Screening Tool: Version 2.0 (CalEnviroScreen 2.0). Information on Version 2.