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Age of Housing
The HCI measure for Age of Housing is the percent of neighborhood housing built before 1980. Older homes are more likely to be less energy efficient, have failing systems or components, asbestos, and lead-based paint, and are a strong proxy for housing condition or quality. Except in areas that have gentrified or are undergoing revitalization with significant housing rehabilitation, homes built before 1980 also tend to be a significant predictor of housing inadequacy (i.e., housing with moderate or severe housing hazards), which includes problems such as water leaks, roof problems, holes in walls, etc. These issues can lead to an increase in mold, mites, and other allergens associated with poor health. The age of a structure is also a significant predictor of higher household lead dust levels and cockroach allergens, which play an important role in the development and exacerbation of respiratory conditions. Listed in the Housing domain, age of housing also impacts economic health, health systems and public safety, and education. It is considered an “inverse” measure in that, the higher the proportion of older housing in a neighborhood, the higher the negative impact on community health. Data on when housing was built is available from the U.S. Census.
|Lower South Providence||75.4%||2|
|Upper South Providence||74.5%||1|