Racial and Ethnic Diversity

Racial and Ethnic Diversity measures the degree to which racial and/or ethnic groups are disbursed throughout the City's neighborhoods. Attributes of segregated neighborhoods may have profound and diverse impacts on health, with residents of segregated neighborhoods often experiencing many conditions adverse to health. Segregated neighborhoods typically have fewer assets and resources such as schools, libraries, and public transportation. Segregated low-income neighborhoods also frequently host unwanted land uses such as power plants, solid and hazardous waste sites, bus yards, and high traffic roadways resulting in disproportionately higher exposure to noise and air pollution. Research also demonstrates a relationship between residential segregation and teenage childbearing, tuberculosis, cardiovascular disease, availability of food establishments serving healthy foods, and exposure to toxic air pollutants. Racial and ethnic diversity scores are calculated using the Shannon-Wiener Diversity Index calculated using U.S. Census data.

Neighborhoodsort descending Indicator Value Rank
Blackstone 0.5 -
Charles 1.4 -
College Hill 1 -
Downtown 1.3 -
Elmhurst 0.9 -
Elmwood 1.3 -
Federal Hill 1.4 -
Fox Point 0.9 -
Hartford 1.3 -
Hope 0.9 -
Lower South Providence 1.2 -
Manton 1.3 -
Mount Hope 1.5 -
Mount Pleasant 1.4 -
Olneyville 1.4 -
Reservoir 1.5 -
Silver Lake 1.2 -
Smith Hill 1.6 -
South Elmwood 1.5 -
Upper South Providence 1.4 -
Valley 1.4 -
Wanskuck 1.5 -
Washington Park 1.5 -
Wayland 0.7 -
West End 1.4 -

Key Citations:
1. Acevedo-Garcia D, Lochner KA, Osypuk TL, Subramanian SV. Future Directions in Residential Segregation and Health Research: A Multilevel Approach. Am J of Pub Health. 2003;93:215-221.
2. Maantay J. Zoning, equity, and public health. Am J of Pub Health. 2001;91:1033-1041.
3. Sampson RJ, Raudenbush SW, Earls F. Neighborhoods and violent crime: a multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science. 1997;277:918-924.
4. Schulz AJ, Williams DR, Israel BA, Lempert LB. Racial and spatial relations as fundamental determinants of health in Detroit. The Milbank Quarterly. 2002; 80:677-707.
5. Williams DR, Collins C. Racial residential segregation: a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health. Public Health Reports. 2001;116:404-416.