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The HCI uses the Gini Coefficient to illustrate income inequality. Income Inequality is a measure of the distribution of income that highlights the gap between individuals or households making most of the income in a given community and those making very little (sometimes referred to as the gap between the rich and the poor). It is based on a scale of 0 to 1, with larger values indicating greater inequality. Substantial amount of research identifies an association between income inequality and various health outcomes. Income inequality is strongly correlated with per capita group membership and lack of social trust, which are associated with total mortality, as well as rates of death from coronary heart diseases, malignant neoplasms, and infant mortality. Income inequality has been repeatedly shown to be inversely associated with good health, but there is controversy about its effects apart from absolute poverty or economic hardship. Although there is limited evidence that income inequality directly influences health outcomes, research suggests that raising incomes of the disadvantaged will improve their health, help reduce inequalities, and generally improve population health. Data are available at the census tract level from the U.S. Census.
|Lower South Providence||0.5||-|
|Upper South Providence||0.4||-|